ACCELERATED GROWTH OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AND PRODUCTION IN
GREECE: COOPERATIVE POTENTIAL OF WORLDWIDE HELLENISM.
Prepared by ISTOS members*
Motivation/Impetus: Greece has achieved significant economic and technological
progress, during the recent years. However, countries that are enjoying approximately the
same degree of development with Greece, and in some cases even lower, have achieved a
higher degree of production of high technology products and services. A simple comparison
with Ireland as it is presented on the table below from OECD data demonstrates that:
|Population in thousands 1997
|11997 unemployment % total labor
|1988-98 GDP Growth %
|High Tech. Exporting percentage
of total exports (96)
While the two countries in 1997 exhibited the same
unemployment, and despite the fact that Greece has more than twice the population of
Ireland, the Irish GDP is approximately double to that of Greece, but even more
impressively, the GDP growth rate of Ireland is almost quadruple to that of Greece during
the decade 88-98. The most significant characteristic of this table appears to be that the
Irish percentage of high technology exports was 72 times higher to that of Greece for
1996. The correlation between technological growth and economical growth is indisputable
and has been documented internationally from examples like the one mentioned here.
A significant characteristic of the Irish, Israeli and Indian experiences, is the
active participation of the human resources of Diaspora. Since the globalization of the
economies and the markets presents the opportunity of absorbing large numbers of
technologists within the corresponding local economies, a significant increase of the
repatriating technologists has been observed.
This workshop was proposed to attempt to set the initiating step towards establishing
the conditions for enabling the Greek technology to achieve accelerated growth rates
equivalent to those of other countries that have been successful.
Objective of the workshop: To identify the enabling and disabling factors for
accelerated high technology investment and production in Greece, establish methodologies
for improving the processes that contribute to increased high technology investments, and
propose a plan to implement the proposed methodologies, in a way that all international
and domestic participating interests are represented.
Participants: High level Government officials, for the appropriate ministries,
as well as world renowned experts from abroad and Greece, representing the interests of
technology parks business incubators, small and large business enterprises, investors,
technologists and academics.
Content and Issues: The main issues to be addressed can be extended but not
limited to the following:
- Experiences from Other Countries: Highlight Ireland, Finland, Israel, India, Classify
models that each one of this countries followed, Key elements for success, Lessons learned
including what to avoid and what has worked.
- Government Policies: Present policies, Recommendations of what is needed, Experiences of
current business incubator environments, Financial and other assistance for R&D and
small enterprises, Legal protection of intellectual property, Taxation, Repatriation of
Capital, Labor laws.
- Required Infrastructure: Physical infrastructure assessment and needs, Institutional
infrastructure assessment and needs, Information technology and other technological
infrastructure assessment and needs including network backbone outlook, and areas of
promising technologies that can facilitate growth.
- Human Resources: Based on the experiences of other countries, define the characteristics
of typical technology students, curricular alteration needs, methodologies for
institutional dynamism and adaptation to continuously changing needs, institutional
preparation for technological professions, human resource mobility, virtual vs. physical
aggregation of human resources.
Tentative Format of the workshop: The workshop sessions are designed to reflect
the above mentioned areas of issues. No more that 35 individuals will be invited to
participate in a high level event of two days duration. During each day three main
sessions of 1.30 h duration will take place. Each session will contain three 20
presentations and there will be 40 for discussion. A moderator will be controlling
the timing and will be summarizing the main points of each speaker and each participant of
the dialog while he will be integrating the main elements of the session. The anticipated
subjects of the sessions are shown on the following table.
||A. Opening/Introductory remarks
||B. Experiences from other
||3 speakers (Ireland, Israel,
||C. Government Policies, Actual
||3 speakers from technology parks
directors, and businessmen
||D. Physical and Technological
Infrastructure, Actual vs. Desirable
||3 speakers from various
ministries and IT infrastructure orgs.
||E. Investments on Technology,
Actual vs. Desirable
||F. Human Resources for Technology
Development, Actual vs. Desirable
||3 speakers from Academia
||G. Open discussion, outcomeand
Desirable Deliverable of the workshop:
1. A report that will be distributed to all the participants, their organizations and
other persons and organizations specified by the participants, as well as will become
electronically available to the public. This report will contain:
Minutes from the discussions
Results and suggestions emanating from the discussions
Description of the identified problems
Description of the identified potential
Description of proposed improvements and methodologies
Preliminary plan for the realization of the improvements
Preliminary plan for determining a mechanism to monitor the improvements
Recommendation for form of the next required major step.
2. The second anticipated deliverable of this workshop is, the sharing of information
of the various sectors, that will inevitably lead to a better utilization of resources and
methodologies for a greater goal.
3. The third deliverable, will be an increased mutual understanding between the various
representatives, and the beginning of a continuous dialogue that will contribute to a more
rapid and more effective convergence of all participating sectors towards the desired
objective of increased technological development and investment in Greece.
* in alphabetical order: Karmokolias I., Karygiannis T.,
Michopoulos J., Tavoulareas S.